Glass making has been known and practiced in Iran for about 3,500 years. Until about 1930 local glass making was done in small craft workshops. The raw materials needed for glass production abound in Iran except for soda ash, but this input will also be entirely produced at home soon.
Small glass works started producing using modern equipment, such as two plants in Tabriz in 1932. Another was added in 1934. In 1932, there also existed a glass works in Rasht and another in Barforush.
It was only in 1938 that the first modern glass factory with 520 workers was established in Tehran, which is still operational. Prior to that time glass blowing was carried out mostly for household and ornamental items, although some thick glass sheets were also produced.
This episode of IRAN program is all about Iranian glassware, its history, evolution and today’s modern techniques. We’ll focus on decorative objects made with direct heating and see from up close how they’re made.