Wed Feb 17, 2016 11:50AM
Iran's Vice President Masoumeh Ebtekar delivers a speech during the opening day of the UN Paris Climate Change Conference at Le Bourget on the outskirts of the French capital, Paris, on November 30, 2015. (© AFP)
Iran's Vice President Masoumeh Ebtekar delivers a speech during the opening day of the UN Paris Climate Change Conference at Le Bourget on the outskirts of the French capital, Paris, on November 30, 2015. (© AFP)

Life is based on energy and this energy comes from the burning of fossil fuels which, as a result, causes global warming.

There’s a number of reasons behind the tragedy of global warming. The most important reason has been the discharge of carbon in the air. Human beings are of course the main culprit! Anything that human beings burn releases carbon into the atmosphere.

The carbon mixes with the oxygen in our atmosphere to form a blanket; a blanket that traps the sun’s heat within our own atmosphere. This blanket has over time come to wrap around the entire earth. As a result, in the past 100 years, earth’s average temperature has increased by 0.85% Celsius.

It all started back in the Industrial Revolution in Europe when industrialization became an obsession and it grew bigger to the point that the World Meteorological Organization named 2015 the warmest year in history.

Each country plays a different part in releasing carbon into the air. The production of carbon by the average Iranian is 7.7 tons. In comparison, the global average is 4.9 tons. This has resulted in Iran becoming one of the top 10 emitters of CO2 in the world.

Statistics have shown that from the 40 wetlands in Iran, 20 to 80 percent of them are a victim of drought. Taking into consideration all of them together, we realize that roughly 57 percent of these lands were suffering from drought in the past year.

The shift in temperature has resulted in the loss of agriculture, desertification, and the extinction of certain species of animals, and sand storms that have threatened the wellbeing of those residing in the south of Iran.

Scientists have predicted that in the event that our carbon emission and global temperature increases by 4 degrees we will lose one-sixth, or 16 percent of Earth’s flora and fauna.

To prevent further increase in global temperatures, the officials of 183 countries gathered together in Paris on November 30, 2015 to participate in a conference on climate change known as COP2. Iran played a key role in this conference.

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