Thu Nov 19, 2015 3:39PM
Eram Garden, Shiraz, Fars Province
Eram Garden, Shiraz, Fars Province

Iran’s cultural attache office in Austria has held a ceremony in the capital Vienna to introduce Persian arts and culture to students and university professors from different countries.

The event was specially organized to make the participants more familiar with the Persian garden designs and works of Persian poet, astronomer and mathematician, Omar Khayyam Neishaburi.

It introduced a book, containing Khayyam’s magnum opus ‘Rubaiyat’ and its English, German, French and Arabic translations.

The ceremony also provided an introduction to Persian calligraphy and miniature painting. 

Persian gardens have been registered on the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage List for the diversity of its designs that evolved and adapted to different climate conditions.

Persian gardens were built to symbolize the Garden of Eden and the four Zoroastrian elements of sky, earth, water and plants. They influenced garden design around the world and became the foundation of Islamic and later European garden traditions, an example of which can be seen in the Mughal gardens of India namely the Taj Mahal in India. 

Khayyam Neishaburi is a prominent poet and scientists, who is recognized worldwide as one of the most wildly acclaimed Persian literary figures and astronomers.

He was popularized in the West through the translation of ‘Rubaiyat’ by English poet and writer Edward FitzGerald (1809-83).